How to Detect if your Cat is Dehydrated

Written by Corrine Bray

Owner & Founder of Corks Critter Care

August 11, 2020

 How do we know when our cat is dehydrated and may need some help?  What are some of the signs of dehydration we should be aware of? Why do cats get dehydrated?  Some obvious reasons your cat may be facing and become dehydrated as a result are easy to recognize.  You may see vomiting, diarrhea, polyuria (urinating more), or lack of food and water intake which can lead to inadequate levels of fluid and electrolytes within a cat’s body.  This is called dehydration and is a serious problem a cat can get in at all stages of life. Corks Critter Care wrote a blog on 14 Ways to Encourage a Cat to Drink Water. Dehydration of a cat can be detected by yourself or a veterinarian by detecting different signs that cats display.

Signs of Dehydration that your Cat Displays

  • Sunken eyessunken eyes-min.png
  • Dry, tacky gums
  • Poor skin elasticity (turgor)
  • Lack of energy, sluggishcat-2830802_1920-min.jpg
  • Increased heart rate
  • Slow capillary refill time
  • Constipation

Dehydration Tests at Home

While relaxing with your pets at home, there are two quick and easy ways to test if your cat is dehydrated.  You can test your cats hydration by either using the skin at the scruff of the neck (Skin Turgor test) or the mouth gums above the canines (Capillary Refill Time test).

Skin turgor test-min.png

Skin Turgor

Grab a generous amount of skin at the scruff of the neck and gently pull it upwards then let go. If your cat is hydrated, the skin will spring back immediately after letting go. However, in a dehydrated cat, the skin will be slower to retract. The more dehydrated the cat is, the slower the skin will take to retract back to normal.

Capillary Refill Time

This helps you to test your cat’s blood circulation and if there may be dehydration, heart failure, or shock. Lift your cat’s upper lip and press your fingertip against the gum tissue. You will see a white mark when you remove the pressure on the gum then count how long it takes for the pink color to return on the gum tissue. In a healthy cat, it should take around 1 – 2 seconds to return to pink.

Urine and Blood Tests

If your cat is dehydrated and or have other issues, your veterinarian may want to do some blood and urine tests to determine what has caused your cat to become dehydrated.  The more common tests they do are a complete blood count, biochemical profile and urinalysis to check electrolyte levels and kidney function.  Other tests may be needed to further investigate kidney and liver function and determine if your cat may have diabetes or any other medical problems.

Medical Advice

Dehydration is never a good situation to be in so the sooner you have your veterinarian check your cat the better.  The longer you wait, the worse your cats condition gets.  If you are uncertain or have any questions call your vet clinic and let them know what your cat’s symptoms are.  Don’t hesitate…react quickly!

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